previous next


ZEPHY´RIUM (Ζεφύριον), the name of a great number of promontories, as


At the western extremity of the peninsula of Myndus in Caria, now called Gumichle or Angeli. (Strab. xiv. p.658.)


On the coast of Cilicia, between Cilicia Tracheia and Pedias, a little to the west of the town of Anchiale. (Strab. xiv. p.671.) It contained a fort of the same name, and was 120 stadia from Tarsus, and 13 miles east of Soli. (Stadiasm. § 157; Tab. Peut.; comp. Scyl. p. 40; Ptol. 5.8.4; Liv. 33.20; Plin. Nat. 5.22 Hierocl. p. 704.) When Pliny (34.50) states that the best molybdaena was prepared at Zephyrium, he no doubt alludes to this place, since we know from Dioscorides (5.100) that this mineral was obtained in the neighbouring hill of Corycus, and that there it was of excellent quality. Leake (Asia Minor, p. 214) looks for it near the mouth of the river Mertin.


On the coast of Cilicia, near the mouth of the river Calycadnus. (Strab. xiv. p.670; Ptol. 5.8.3.)


A town on the coast of Paphlagonia, 60 stadia to the west of Cape Carambis. (Arrian, Peripl. P. E. p. 15; Anon. Peripl. P. E. p. 6; Ptol. 5.4.2.)


A town and promontory on the coast of Pontus, in the country of the Mosynoeci, 90 stadia to the west of Tripolis. (Ptol. 5.6.11; Arrian, Peripl. P. E. p. 17; Scylax, p. 33; Anon. Peripl. P. E. p. 13; Tab. Peut.) The cape still bears the name of Zafra or Zefreh, and Hamilton (Researches, i. p. 261) regards the modern Kaik Liman as occupying the site of the ancient Zephyrium. [L.S]

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: