a tribe and district in Arabia, which took their name from Tema, one of the twelve sons of Ishmael. (Gen.
6.19.) Ptolemy mentions in Arabia Deserta a town Themma (Θέμμη,
5.19.6). Tema is distinguished in the Old Testament from Tema, a tribe and district in the land of the Edomites (Idumaea), which derived their name from Teman, a grandson of Esau. (Gen.
36.11, 15, 42; Jer.
49.7, 20; Ezek.
9.) The Temanites, like the other Edomites, are celebrated in the Old Testament for their wisdom (Jerem.
3.22, seq.); and hence we find that Eliphaz, in the book of Job, is a Temanite. (Job,
2.11, 4.1.) Jerome (Onomast. s. v.
) represents Tema as distant 5 miles (Eusebius says 15 miles) from Petra, and possessing a Roman garrison.