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TEMPY´RA (Or. Trist. 1.10. 21; in Geogr. Rav. 4.6, Tympira; in It. Ant. p. 322, Timpirum; and in It. Hier. p. 602, Ad Unimpaira), a town in the S. of Thrace, on the Egnatian Way, between Trajanopolis and Maxiniamopolis. It was situated in a defile, which rendered it a convenient spot for the operations of the predatory tribes in its neighbourhood. Here the Thrausi attacked the Roman army under Cn. Manlius, on its return, loaded with booty, through Thrace from Asia Minor (B.C. 188); but the want of shelter exposed their movements to the Romans, who were thus enabled to defeat them. (Liv, 38.41.) The defile in question is probably the same as the Κορπίλων στενά mentioned by Appian (App. BC 4.102), and through which, he states, Brutus and Cassius marched on their way to Philippi (Tafel, de Viae Egnatiae Parte orient. p. 34). Paul Lucas (Trois Vog. pp. 25, 27) regards it as corresponding to the modern Gürschíne.


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