[*] 116. The present optative in indirect discourse may represent the following forms of direct discourse:— 1. The present indicative of a leading verb. E.g.
- “Περικλῆς προηγόρευε, ὅτι Ἀρχίδαμός οἱ ξένος εἴη” “Pericles announced that Archidamus was his friend (i.e. he said ξένος μοί ἐστιν).” THUC. ii. 13.
- “Ἔγνωσαν ὅτι κενὸς ὁ φόβος εἴη” “they learned that their fear was groundless (i.e. they learned κενός ἐστιν ὁ φόβος）” XEN. An. ii. 2, 21.
- “Ἐπυνθάνετο εἰ οἰκοῖτο ἡ χώρα” “he asked whether the country was inhabited (i.e. he asked the question οἰκεῖται ἡ χώρα;）” XEN. Cyr. iv. 4, 4.
- “Εἶπεν ὅτι ἄνδρα ἄγοι ὃν εἷρξαι δέοι” “he said that he was bringing a man whom it was necessary to confine (he said ἄνδρα ἄγω ὃν εἷρξαι δεῖ).” XEN. Hell. v. 4, 8.
- “Ἡγεῖτο ἅπαν ποιήσειν αὐτὸν εἴ τις ἀργύριον διδοίη” “he believed that the man would do anything if one were to give him money (he believed ἅπαν ποιήσει ἐάν τις ἀργύριον διδῷ).” LYS. xii. 14.
- “Κλέαρχος ἐβουλεύετο, εἰ πέμποιέν τινας ἢ πάντες ἴοιεν,” “Clearchus was deliberating whether they should send a few or should all go.” XEN. An. i. 10, 5. (The question was, πέμπωμέν τινας ἢ πάντες ἴωμεν; shall we send a few, or shall we all go? See 677.) The context will always make it clear whether the optative represents a subjunctive (as here) or an indicative (1).
- “Ἀπεκρίναντο ὅτι οὐδεὶς μάρτυς παρείη” “they replied that no witness had been present (when a certain payment was made).” DEM. xxx. 20. (They said οὐδεὶς παρῆν.)