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152. An attributive aorist participle occasionally refers to time absolutely past, without regard to the time of its verb. E.g. Ἡγεμόνα παρεχόμενοι Μεγάπανον τὸν Βαβυλῶνος ὕστερον τούτων ἐπιτροπεύσαντα, i.e. they had as their leader Megapanus, who after this was made governor of Babylon. HDT. vii. 62. (Here the aorist participle is past at the time of writing only; it is even future compared with the time of παρεχόμενοι.) So in vii. 106: κατέλιπε δὲ ἄνδρα τοιόνδε Μασκάμην γενόμενον, and he left M. (in authority), who (afterwardsproved himself such a man (the evidence of his later merits follows in a relative sentence).

For the corresponding use of the present participle see 141.

For the use of the aorist infinitive and participle with ἄν, see 207 and 215. For the aorist participle with ἔχω and εἶχον as a circumlocution for the perfect and pluperfect, as θαυμάσας ἔχω and εἶχον, see 47 and 48. For the rare use of the aorist participle with ἔσομαι for the future perfect, see 81. For the aorist participle in protasis, see 472 and 841.

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