[*] 52. In a somewhat similar sense (51), the pluperfect may express the immediate or sudden occurrence of a past action. This occurs especially in Homer and Herodotus. E.g.
- “Οὐδ᾽ ἀπίθησεν μύθῳ Ἀθηναίης: ἡ δ᾽ Οὐλυμπόνδε βεβήκειν,” “and she was gone to Olympus.” Il. i. 221.
- “Ἡ μὲν θαμβήσασα πάλιν οἰκόνδε βεβήκειν.” Od. i. 360.
- “Τὸν δ᾽ ἔλιπε ψυχὴ, κατὰ δ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶν κέχυτ᾽ ἀχλύς.” Il. v. 696.
- “Ἄλλοι δὲ ἡγεμόνας ἔχοντες ὡρμέατο ἐπὶ τὸ ἱρόν,” “they were on their way (at once).” HDT. viii. 35 ; see ix. 61.