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[*] 195. The present and perfect indicative are never used with ἄν. This seems to occur chiefly when Plato and Aristotle use κἂν εἰ (= καὶ ἂν, εἰ) like καὶ εἰ, without regard to the mood of the verb which is to follow, to which κἄν really belongs. See PLAT. Men. 72 C, “κἂν εἰ πολλαί εἰσιν, ἕν γέ τι εἶδος ταὐτὸν πᾶσαι ἔχουσι” , i.e. even if they are many, still (it would seem to follow that) they all have one and the same form. So PLAT. Rep. 579 D, Soph. 247E. So ARISTOT. Pol. iii. 6, 1, “κἂν εἰ πλείους” , with σκεπτέον ἐστίν. Examples of a different class (without κἂν εἰ) are obviously corrupt, and have now almost disappeared from our texts. One of the last relics, Leg. 712E, “ἐγὼ δὲ οὕτω νῦν ἐξαίφνης ἂν ἐρωτηθεὶς ὄντως ὅπερ εἶπον, οὐκ ἔχω εἰπεῖν” , is now simply emended by reading ἀνερωτηθείς.
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