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500.b) A present indicative in the apodosis with an optative in the protasis is sometimes merely an emphatic future expression. E.g. Πάντ᾽ ἔχεις, εἴ σε τούτων μοῖρ᾽ ἐφίκοιτο καλῶν, you have the whole, should a share of these glories fall to your lot. PIND. Isth. iv.(v.) 14. So καιρὸν εἰ φθέγξαιο, μείων ἕπεται μῶμος ἀνθρώπων, i.e. should you speak seasonably, you are sure to be followed by less censure of men, Py. i. 81. In THUC. ii. 39 we have καίτοι εἰ ῥαθυμίᾳ μᾶλλον πόνων μελέτῃ ἐθέλοιμεν κινδυνεύειν, περιγίγνεται ἡμῖν, κ.τ.λ., and now supposing that we should choose to meet dangers with a light heart rather than with laborious training, we secure the advantage, etc. This sentence is loosely jointed, like the others which have this combination; the condition is stated as a remotely supposed case, in the vague future form, but the apodosis, we at once gain this advantage, etc., is adapted to a present supposition. The optative is generally emended to ἐθέλομεν, although it is one of the best attested words in Thucydides, being in the best Mss. and also being quoted by Dion. Hal. as a faulty expression. The criticism of Dionysius (de thuc. Idiom. 12, 1) is instructive: ἐνταῦθα γὰρ τὸ μὲν ἐθέλοιμεν ῥῆμα τοῦ μέλλοντός ἐστι χρόνου δηλωτικὸν, τὸ δὲ περιγίγνεται τοῦ παρόντος: ἀκόλουθον δ᾽ ἂν ἦν εἰ συνέζευξε τῷ ἐθέλοιμεν τὸ περιέσται, i.e. the future expression εἰ ἐθέλοιμεν should have a future form like περιέσται to correspond to it.

In DEM. xviii. 21, εἰ γὰρ εἶναί τι δοκοίη τὰ μάλιστα ἐν τούτοις ἀδίκημα, οὐδέν ἐστι δήπου πρὸς ἐμέ, the apodosis refers to the real protasis if there is any apparent fault.

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