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558. When a conditional relative clause referring to the future depends on a subjunctive or optative referring to the future, it regularly takes by assimilation the same mood with its leading verb. The leading verb may be in a protasis or apodosis, in another conditional relative clause, in an expression of a wish, or in a final clause. E.g. Ἐάν τινες οἳ ἂν δύνωνται τοῦτο ποιῶσι, καλῶς ἕξει, if any who shall be able do this, it will be well. Εἴ τινες οἳ δύναιντο τοῦτο ποιοῖεν, καλῶς ἂν ἔχοι, if any who should be able should do this, it would be well. Εἴθε πάντες οἳ δύναιντο τοῦτο ποιοῖεν, O that all who may be able would do this. (Here the principle of assimilation makes οἳ δύναιντο after an optative preferable to οἳ ἂν δύνωνται, which would express the same idea.) Τεθναίην ὅτε μοι μηκέτι ταῦτα μέλοι, “may I die when these are no longer my delight.” MIMN. i. 2.So in Latin: Si absurde canat is qui se haberi velit musicum, turpior sit.Sic injurias fortunae quas ferre nequeas defugiendo relinquas.

For examples see 529 and 531.

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