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608. In their original use ὡς and ὥς τε are related precisely as ὅς and ὅς τε in Homer. But in consecutive sentences ὥστε gradually gained almost exclusive control, so that ὡς here became very rare. Ὡς occurs chiefly in Aeschylus, Sophocles, Herodotus, and Xenophon, where it is used in the same constructions and in the same sense as ὥστε. E.g.

(With Infin.) Ἥκουσιν ἐκφυγόντες: ὡς στένειν πόλιν Περσῶν. AESCH. Pers. 510. Πεπωκώς γ̓, ὡς θρασύνεσθαι μᾶλλον, βρότειον αἷμα, κῶμος ἐν δόμοις μένει, having drunk of mortals' blood so as to be more emboldened, a band of revellers abides in the house. Id. Ag. 1188.So Pers. 437, Ag. 546, Eum. 36, Eum. 427, Eum. 799, Eum. 895. Σύμμετρος γὰρ ὡς κλύειν, “for he is near enough for us to hear.” SOPH. O.T. 84. Οὐδ᾽ ὑπὸ ζυγῷ λόφον δικαίως εἶχον, ὡς´ στέργειν ἐμέ. Id. Ant. 292.So Id. Tr. 1125. Οὐκ ἐς τοῦτο ἀφροσύνης ἀπικόμενος ὡς δόξαι τὴν ἑωυτοῦ δύναμιν περιέσεσθαι τῆς βασιλέος. HDT. iii. 146. Ὑψηλὸν δὲ οὕτω δή τι λέγεται, ὡς τὰς κορυφὰς αὐτοῦ οὐχ οἷά τε εἶναι ἰδέσθαι, and it (the mountain) is said to be so high, that it is not possible to see its summits. Id. iv. 184. ποταμὸς τοσοῦτος τὸ βάθος, ὡς μηδὲ τὰ δόρατα ὑπερέχειν τοῦ βάθους. XEN. An. iii. 5, 7. So ii. 3, XEN. An. 10. Φέρονται κώθωνα, ὡς ἀπὸ τοῦ ποταμοῦ ἀρύσασθαι. Id. Cyr. i. 2, Id. Cyr. 8. Ἐν τῷ ἀσφαλεῖ ἤδη ἔσομαι, ὡς μηδὲν ἂν ἔτι κακὸν παθεῖν. Ib. viii. 7, Ib. 27.See iv. 2, Ib. 8. Οὕτω γὰρ δοκοῦμεν παρεσκευάσθαι ὡς, ἢν μὲν ἀληθεύητε, Ib. i ῾κανοὶ εἶναι ὑμᾶς εὖ ποιεῖν: ἢν δὲ ἐξαπατᾶτε, οὕτω νομίζομεν ἔχειν ὡς οὐχ ἡμᾶς ἐφ̓ ὑμῖν ἔσεσθαι, ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον ὑμᾶς ἐφ̓ ἡμῖν γενήσεσθαι. Ib. iv. 2, Ib. 13. (In the last clauses we have ὡς in indirect discourse, like ὥστε in 594, the direct form being οὐχ ἡμεῖς ἐσόμεθα, ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον ὑμεῖς γενήσεσθε. Most MSS., however, have γενέσθαι.)

(With Indic.) Πρὸς τάδ᾽ ὡς Σούσων μὲν ἄστυ πᾶν κενανδρίαν στένει. AESCH. Pers. 730. Οὕτως ἔχει γ᾽ πίστις, ὡς τὸ μὲν δοκεῖν ἔνεστι, πείρᾳ δ᾽ οὐ προσωμίλησά πω, so stands my confidence, that belief is in it, while I have had nothing to do yet with testing it. SOPH. Tr. 590. Οὕτω δή τι κλεινὴ ἐγένετο ὡς καὶ οἱ πάντες Ἕλληνες Ῥοδώπιος τὸ οὔνομα ἐξέμαθον, i.e. so that all the Greeks came to know well the name of Rhodopis. HDT. ii. 135. Τούτῳ προσφιλέες οὕτω δή τι ἐγένοντο ὥς σφεας ἐκέλευε τῆς ἑαυτοῦ χώρης οἰκῆσαι. HDT. i. 163.So iii. 130. Οὕτω μοι προθύμως ἐβοήθησας ὡς νῦν τὸ μὲν ἐπ᾽ ἐμοὶ οἴχομαι, τὸ δ᾽ ἐπὶ σοὶ σέσωσμαι. XEN. Cyr. v. 4, 11. Τοσούτῳ πλεονεκτήσει ὡς πεινήσας τῶν ἡδίστων σιτίων τεύξεται. Ib. vii. 5, Ib. 81.So Hell. iv. 4, Hell. 16.

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