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[*] 675. 1. An indirect quotation with ὅτι or ὡς and the optative is sometimes followed by an independent optative, generally introduced by γάρ, which continues the quotation as if it were itself dependent on the ὅτι or ὡς. E.g. Ἤκουον δ᾽ ἔγωγέ τινων ὡς οὐδὲ τοὺς λιμένας καὶ τὰς ἀγορὰς ἔτι δώσοιεν αὐτῷ καρποῦσθαι: τὰ γὰρ κοινὰ τὰ Θετταλῶν ἀπὸ τούτων δέοι διοικεῖν, for (as they said) they must administer, etc. DEM. i. 22. Ἀπεκρίναντο αὐτῷ ὅτι ἀδύνατα σφίσιν εἴη ποιεῖν ἃ προκαλεῖται ἄνευ Ἀθηναίων: παῖδες γὰρ σφῶν καὶ γυναῖκες παρ᾽ ἐκείνοις εἴησαν. THUC. ii. 72. Ἔλεγον ὅτι παντὸς ἄξια λέγοι Σεύθης: χειμὼν γὰρ εἴη, κ.τ.λ. XEN. An. vii. 3, 13. 2. Such independent optatives are sometimes found even when no optative precedes; but the context always contains some allusion to another's thought or expression. E.g. Ὑπέσχετο τὸν ἄνδρ᾽ Ἀχαιοῖς τόνδε δηλώσειν ἄγων: οἴοιτο μὲν μάλισθ᾽ ἑκούσιον λαβὼν, εἰ μὴ θέλοι δ̓, ἄκοντα, i.e. he thought (as he said), etc. SOPH. Ph. 617. Ἀλλὰ γὰρ οὐδέν τι μᾶλλον ἦν ἀθάνατον, ἀλλὰ καὶ αὐτὸ τὸ εἰς ἀνθρώπου σῶμα ἐλθεῖν ἀρχὴ ἦν αὐτῇ ὀλέθρου, ὥσπερ νόσος: καὶ ταλαιπωρουμένη τε δὴ τοῦτον τὸν βίον ζῴη, καὶ τελευτῶσά γε ἐν τῷ καλουμένῳ θανάτῳ ἀπολλύοιτο, and (according to the theory） it lives in misery, etc., and finally perishes in what is called death. PLAT. Phaed. 95D. (Plato is here stating the views of others.)
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