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[*] 702. Ἄν is occasionally retained with relatives and temporal particles in sentences of this kind, even when the subjunctive to which they belonged has been changed to the optative. (See 692.) E.g. Τοὺς δὲ λαμβάνοντας τῆς ὁμιλίας μισθὸν ἀνδραποδιστὰς ἑαυτῶν ἀπεκάλει, διὰ τὸ ἀναγκαῖον αὐτοῖς εἶναι διαλέγεσθαι παρ᾽ ὧν ἂν λάβοιεν τὸν μισθόν, because they were obliged (as he said) to converse with those from whom they received the pay. XEN. Mem. i. 2, 6. (Here ὧν ἂν λάβοιεν represents ὧν ἂν λάβωσιν.) Καί μοι τάδ᾽ ἦν πρόρρητα, τὸ φάρμακον τοῦτο σῴζειν ἐμὲ ἕως ἂν ἀρτίχριστον ἁρμόσαιμί που. SOPH. Tr. 687 (see Schneidewin's note). Ἠξίουν αὐτοὺς μαστιγοῦν τὸν ἐκδοθέντα ἕως ἂν τἀληθῆ δόξειεν αὐτοῖς λέγειν. ISOC. xvii. 15. Χαίρειν ἐῴης ἂν καὶ οὐκ ἀποκρίναιο ἕως ἂν τὰ ἀπ᾽ ἐκείνης ὁρμηθέντα σκέψαιο, you would not answer (you would say) until you should have examined, etc. (ἕως ἂν σκέψωμαι). PLAT. Phaed. 101D. Here we must place ὅταν ἐκσῳζοίατο, AESCH. Pers. 450, if the text is sound. Παρήγγειλεν αὐτοῖς μὴ πρότερον ἐπιτίθεσθαι πρὶν ἂν τῶν σφετέρων ἢ πέσοι τις ἢ τρωθείη. XEN. Hell. ii. 4, 18 ; so πρὶν ἂν μετέχοιεν, XEN. Hell. ii. 3, 48. See ἕως ἂν οἱ νόμοι τεθεῖεν. AND. i. 81.Many scholars repudiate this use of ἄν and emend the passages: see Dindorf on SOPH. Tr. 687. It is doubtful whether ἐάν was ever thus used with the optative.
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