previous next

709. 1. In Homer , the neuter of ὅς, is used like ὅτι, that. E.g.

Γιγνώσκων οἱ αὐτὸς ὑπείρεχε χεῖρας Ἀπόλλων, “knowing that Apollo himself held over him his hands.” Il. v. 433. Εὖ νυ καὶ ἡμεῖς ἴδμεν τοι σθένος οὐκ ἐπιεικτόν. Il. viii. 32. Λεύσσετε γὰρ τό γε πάντες, μοι γέρας ἔρχεται ἄλλῃ, “that my prize goes elsewhere.” Il. i. 120.So Od. xii. 295. (See 663, Od. 1, and 671.)

2. In the following cases τ̓ for τε (neuter of ὅς τε) is used in Homer like and ὅτι:—Γιγνώσκων τ᾽ ἄναλκις ἔην θεός, “knowing that the Goddess was weak.” Il. v. 331: so xvii. 623, Od. viii. 299. Ὡς εἴδονθ᾽ τ᾽ ἄρ ἐκ Διὸς ἤλυθεν ὄρνις. Il. viii. 251. Νῦν δ᾽ ἤδη τόδε δῆλον, τ᾽ οὐκέτι νόστιμός ἐστιν. Od. xx. 333.

Since ὅτι does not allow elision, it is now customary to write this form τ̓ (as above). But Schmitt (after Capelle) writes ὅτ̓ in all these cases, assuming the form to be an elided ὅτε (709, 3).

3. In a few cases ὅτε, when, is used in Homer in a sense which approaches very near that of ὅτι, that. E.g.

Οὐδ᾽ ἔλαθ᾽ Αἴαντα Ζεὺς, ὅτε δὴ Τρώεσσι δίδω νίκην, i.e. nor was Ajax unaware that Zeus was giving victory to the Trojans (lit. when Zeus was giving). Il. xvii. 626.Compare Il. xxiv. 563, οὐδέ με λήθεις, ὅττι θεῶν τίς σ᾽ ἦγε. See Schmitt, pp. 40-50.

This occasional use of ὅτε seems hardly to justify the assumption that τ̓ in all the cases in 709, 2 stands for ὅτε.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: