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[*] 711. Even direct quotations are sometimes introduced by ὅτι, rarely by ὡς, without further change in the construction. Ὅτι or ὡς here cannot be expressed in English. E.g. Ὁ δὲ ἀπεκρίνατο ὅτι Οὐδ᾽ εἰ γενοίμην, ὦ Κῦρε, σοί γ᾽ ἄν ποτε ἔτι δόξαιμι. XEN. An. i. 6, 8. Ἀπεκρίνατο ὅτι Ὦ δέσποτα, οὐ ζῇ. Id. Cyr. vii. 3, Id. Cyr. 3. Εἶπε δ᾽ ὅτι Εἰς καιρὸν ἥκεις, ἔφη, ὅπως τῆς δίκης ἀκούσῃς. Ib. iii. 1, Ib. 8. Ἢ ἐροῦμεν πρὸς αὐτοὺς, ὅτι Ἠδίκει γὰρ ἡμᾶς ἡ πόλις, καὶ οὐκ ὀρθῶς τὴν δίκην ἔκρινε,—ταῦτα ἢ τί ἐροῦμεν; PLAT. Crit. 50B ; so Phaed. 60A. Ἂν λέγῃ τις τἀληθῆ, ὅτι Ληρεῖτε, ὦ ἄνδρες Ἀθηναῖοι. DEM. viii. 31: so xviii. 40, 174; xix. 22, 40, 253. See also HDT. ii. 115 (the earliest example); THUC. i. 137, THUC. iv. 38; AND. i. 49; LYS. i. 26; AESCHIN. iii. 22, AESCHIN. 120; DIN. i. 12 102 (both with ὡς).1
1 See Spieker in Jour. Phil. v. pp. 221-227, who has traced the history of this construction and collected examples, especially those in the Orators.
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