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725. In the poets, especially Homer, the simple optative may express a command or exhortation, in a sense approaching that of the imperative. E.g. Ταῦτ᾽ εἴποις Ἀχιλῆι, (you may) say this to Achilles. Il. xi. 791. Τεθναίης, Προῖτ̓, κάκτανε Βελλεροφόντην, (you may) either die, or kill Bellerophontes. Il. vi. 164. Ἀλλά τις Δολίον καλέσειε, “let some one call Dolios.” Od. iv. 735.So in prohibitions with μή: μηδ᾽ ἔτι σοῖσι πόδεσσιν ὑποστρέψειας Ὄλυμπον, Il. iii. 407 (between two pairs of imperatives). See also AESCH. Prom. 1049 and 1051.

For Homeric optatives (without ἄν), which form a connecting link between the potential and the wishing optative (like Il. iv. 18, Il. 19), see 13 and 233.

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