This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
[*] 725. In the poets, especially Homer, the simple optative may express a command or exhortation, in a sense approaching that of the imperative. E.g. Ταῦτ᾽ εἴποις Ἀχιλῆι, (you may) say this to Achilles. Il. xi. 791. Τεθναίης, ὦ Προῖτ̓, ἢ κάκτανε Βελλεροφόντην, (you may) either die, or kill Bellerophontes. Il. vi. 164. Ἀλλά τις Δολίον καλέσειε, “let some one call Dolios.” Od. iv. 735.So in prohibitions with μή: μηδ᾽ ἔτι σοῖσι πόδεσσιν ὑποστρέψειας Ὄλυμπον, Il. iii. 407 (between two pairs of imperatives). See also AESCH. Prom. 1049 and 1051. For Homeric optatives (without ἄν), which form a connecting link between the potential and the wishing optative (like Il. iv. 18, Il. 19), see 13 and 233.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.