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728. When the potential optative is used to express a wish, as in πῶς ἂν ὀλοίμην, how gladly should I perish, EUR. Supp. 796, it does not belong here, as ὀλοίμην ἄν and ὀλοίμην are, in use, wholly different constructions. If εἰ γάρ κεν μίμνοις, Hom. Od. xv. 545, is a wish, εἴ κεν may be used as it often is in protasis in Homer (460) in the same sense as εἰ, or the optative may be potential in the sense O if you could remain. In Hom. Il. vi. 281, ὥς κέ οἱ αὖθι γαῖα χάνοι, if κέ is correct, must mean O that the earth could gape for him at once (potential). But the exceptional character of these expressions makes both suspicious. Hermann and Bekker read εἰ γὰρ καί in Hom. Od. xv. 545; and Bekker reads ὡς δέ in Hom. Il. vi. 281.

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