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314.Ὄφρα.) The most common final particle in Homer is ὄφρα, which is originally a temporal particle, meaning while (so long as) and then until. From the last meaning the final force was naturally developed, as the idea of until, when it looks forward to the future, may involve that of aiming at an object to be attained, as in English we shall fight until we are free. Another temporal particle meaning both while and until, ἕως, is used in a final sense in a few passages of the Odyssey (614, 2). Both of the temporal uses of ὄφρα appear in full vigour in Homer; but its final character must have been more distinctly marked at an earlier period than that of either ὡς or ὅπως, so that it seldom took either κέ or ἄν before the subjunctive.

Ὄφρα is found only in epic and lyric poetry.

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