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325. The final particles which have a relative origin, ὡς, ὅπως, and ὄφρα, sometimes have ἄν or κέ in final clauses with the subjunctive. They did this originally in their capacity as conditional relatives; and it is probable that at first κέ or ἄν with the relative gave the clause a combined final and conditional force, in which the conditional element gradually grew weaker as the relative particles came to be felt chiefly or only as final particles (312, 2). Ἵνα and μή never take ἄν or κέ in this way.1

1 In the single case of κέ with ἵνα, Od. xii. 156,ἀλλ᾽ ἐρέω μὲν ἐγὼν, ἵνα εἰδότες κε θάνωμεν, κεν ἀλευάμενοι θάνατον καὶ κῆρα φύγωμεν” , ἵνα κε is not used like ὥς κε, etc., above, but ἵνα is followed by a potential subjunctive with κέ (285). The repetition of κέ removes the case from the class under consideration. Ἵνα in its sense of where may have ἄν (see SOPH. OC 405 ). Μή, lest, may have ἄν with the optative after verbs of fearing (368).

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