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781. Other cases of absolute εἶναι are τὸ ἐπὶ σφᾶς (ἐπὶ ἐκείνοις, ἐπὶ τούτοις, κατὰ τοῦτον) εἶναι, so far as they were concerned, etc. THUC. iv. 28, THUC. viii. 48; XEN. An. i. 6, 9 , XEN. Hell. iii. 5, 9 ;—κατὰ (εἰςδύναμιν εἶναι, ISAE. ii. 32; PLAT. Polit. 300C ;—κατὰ τοῦτο εἶναι, “so far as concerns this.” Id. Prot. 317A;—τὴν πρώτην εἶναι, at first, HDT. i. 153.So especially τὸ νῦν εἶναι, at present (τό belonging to νῦν): see ISOC. xv. 270; PLAT. Lach. 201 C, PLAT. Rep. 506 E; XEN Cyr. v. 3, Cyr. 42; also τὸ τήμερον εἶναι, to-day, PLAT. Crat. 396 E In Aristotle's τὸ τί ἦν εἶναι, the εἶναι is probably absolute, and τί ἦν may be a “philosophic” imperfect (40), the expression meaning the original essence (thewhat was it?”).

Two expressions have ὡς: ὡς πάλαια εἶναι, considering their antiquity, THUC. i. 21; and ὥς γε διακόνους εἶναι πόλεως, considering that they were servants of a state, i.e. for servants, PLAT. Gorg. 517 B.

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