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787. The infinitive, with its subject accusative, may be used in exclamations of surprise or indignation. E.g. Ἐμὲ παθεῖν τάδε, φεῦ, ἐμὲ παλαιόφρονα, κατά τε γᾶν οἰκεῖν, ἀτίετον, φεῦ, μύσος, that I should suffer this, alas! I, with my thoughts of old; and that I should dwell in this land, alas! an unhonoured plague! AESCH. Eum. 837. Ἀλλὰ τούσδ᾽ ἐμοὶ ματαίαν γλῶσσαν ὧδ᾽ ἀπανθίσαι κἀκβαλεῖν ἔπη τοιαῦτα, that these should thus cast at me the flowers of their idle tongues, etc. Id. Ag. 1662. δυστάλαινα, τοιάδ᾽ ἄνδρα χρησιμὸν φωνεῖνSOPH. Aj. 410.Τοιουτονὶ τρέφειν κύνα,” “to keep a dog like that!” AR. Vesp. 835. Τοῦτον δὲ ὑβρίζειν: ἀναπνεῖν δέ, and that he should be thus insulting, and should draw his breath! DEM. xxi. 209.

Compare “Mene incepto desistere victam!VERG. Aen. i. 37. This infinitive often has the article τό (805).

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