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[*] 791. The infinitive with τό can stand as an accusative of the direct object, sometimes as an accusative of kindred meaning. The relation of such an infinitive with τό to the verb is often less close than that of the simple infinitive in a similar case (see 811). E.g. Τλήσομαι τὸ κατθανεῖν, “I shall dare to die.” AESCH. Ag. 1290. Ἔστιν τις, ἔστιν, ὅς σε κωλύσει τὸ δρᾶν, “who will prevent you from acting.” SOPH. Ph. 1241.So ἐπισπεύδειν τὸ δρᾶν, SOPH. El. 467. Τὸ σπεύδειν δέ σοι παραινῶ. Id. Ph. 620. “Τὸ δρᾶν οὐκ ἠθέλησαν,” “they were unwilling to act (would not act).” Id. O.C. 442. Τὸ δ᾽ αὖ ξυνοικεῖν τῇδ᾽ ὁμοῦ τίς ἂν γυνὴ δύναιτο, what woman would be able to live with her? (to live with her—what woman could do it?). Id. Tr. 545. Τὸ ὑπὸ οἴνου μὴ σφάλλεσθαι ἐπιμελεῖσθαι, “to take care not to be upset by wine.” Lac. v. 7. Αἰσχύνονται τὸ τολμᾶν. PLAT. Soph. 247 C. Συνεθίζεσθαι ταῖς ψυχαῖς τὸ τὴν πατρίδα φιλεῖν. LYCURG. 100. Καὶ πῶς δὴ τὸ ἀρχιχοὺς εἶναι ἀνθρώπων παιδεύεις; XEN. Oec. xiii. 4: see also ix. 12. (So παιδεύω τινά τι.) Ἐπέσχον τὸ εὐθέως τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις ἐπιχειρεῖν. THUC. vii. 33 (cf. τοῦτο ἐπέσχον, THUC. ii. 76). Οὐδέ τοι τῇ χειρὶ πείθομαι τὸ δρᾶν, nor am I persuaded by your violence to act (as you bid me). SOPH. Ph. 1253 (cf. οὐ πείθομαί σοι ταῦτα). Καρδίας ἐξίσταμαι τὸ δρᾶν, I withdraw from my resolution (i.e. I consent) to do it. Id. Ant. 1105: cf. φρονεῖν μετέγνω, i.e. changed his purpose (and resolved) to contemplate, AESCH. Ag. 221. For τὸ μὴ οὐ with the infinitive after negatived verbs in this construction (e.g. AR. Ran. 68), see 815, 2, and 814.
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