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831. On the same principle, the participle is used in all periphrastic forms with εἰμί and ἔχω for the perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. In the future perfect active, the periphrastic form is generally the only one in use; in the third person plural of the perfect and pluperfect middle and passive of most verbs, it is the only form possible. Examples of the perfect participle with εἰμί or ἦν as peculiar forms of the perfect and pluperfect, in other persons, are given in 45; of ἔχω and εἶχον with the aorist and perfect participle for the perfect and pluperfect, in 47 and 48; of ἔσομαι with the perfect and aorist participle for the future perfect, in 80 and 81.

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