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[*] 850. The genitive absolute is regularly used only when a new subject is introduced into the sentence (847) and not when the participle can be joined with any substantive already belonging to the construction. Yet this principle is sometimes violated, in order to make the participial clause more prominent and to express its relation (time, cause, etc.) with greater emphasis. E.g. Διαβεβηκότος ἤδη Περικλέους, ἠγγέλθη αὐτῷ ὅτι Μέγαρα ἀφέστηκε, when Pericles had already crossed over, it was announced to him that Megara had revolted. THUC. i. 114. So sometimes in Latin, but generally with difference in meaning: as “Galliam Italiamque tentari se absente nolebat,” CAES. Bell. Civ. i. 29.
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