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878. The supplementary participle has two uses. In one of these it corresponds to the infinitive in indirect discourse, with its tenses representing the same tenses of the direct form; and in the other it corresponds to the object infinitive in other constructions, so far as it approaches the infinitive at all in meaning. (See 746.)

Compare παύομέν σε λέγοντα, we stop you from speaking, with δείκνυσί σε λέγοντα τἀληθῆ, he shows that you speak the truth; and compare both with κωλύομέν σε λέγειν, we prevent you from speaking, and φησί σε λέγειν τἀληθῆ, he says that you speak the truth.

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