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893. The usual construction of λανθάνω and φθάνω (and rarely that of τυγχάνω and κυρέω) with the participle may be reversed, these verbs appearing in the participle, and what is generally the participle becoming the verb. E.g. Ἂψ ἀπὸ τείχεος ἆλτο λαθών, back from the wall he leaped secretly (for ἔλαθεν ἄλμενος). Il. xii. 390. Ὅπως μὴ ποιῶνται ἔκπλους αὐτόθεν λανθάνοντες. THUC. iii. 51. Ὅς μ᾽ ἔβαλε φθάμενος, “who took advantage of me and hit me.” Il. v. 119. Φθάνοντες ἤδη δῃοῦμεν τὴν ἐκείνων γῆν. XEN. Cyr. iii. 3, 18. Τὴν ἐσβολὴν φθάσαντες προκατέλαβον. THUC. iv. 127; so ii. 52. Ὀλίγ᾽ ἀληθῆ πολλὰ δὲ ψευδῆ λέγει τυχών, i.e. speaks at random. I. A. 957. Πλησίον γὰρ ἦν κυρῶν, “for he happened to be near.” SOPH. Ph. 371.See AESCH. Supp. 805.

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