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116. The present optative in indirect discourse may represent the following forms of direct discourse:—

1. The present indicative of a leading verb. E.g.

2. The present indicative or subjunctive of a dependent verb. E.g.

3. The present subjunctive in a question of appeal (287). E.g.

4. The imperfect indicative of a leading verb. E.g.

This is the rare imperfect optative (673). The imperfect indicative is regularly retained in such cases, and is always retained in a dependent clause of a quotation (689, 2).

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