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173. On the other hand, the aorist indicative in the same constructions (172), and also the imperfect when it refers to the past, are secondary tenses. E.g. Ἀλλὰ καὶ τοὺς θεοὺς ἂν ἔδεισας παρακινδυνεύειν, μὴ οὐκ ὀρθῶς αὐτὸ ποιήσοις. PLAT. Euthyph. 15D. Ἀλλ᾽ οὐδὲ μετὰ πολλῶν μαρτύρων ἀποδιδοὺς εἰκῇ τις ἂν ἐπίστευσεν, ῞ν᾽ εἴ τις γίγνοιτο διαφορὰ, κομίσασθαι ῥᾳδίως παρ́ ὑμῖν δύνηται. DEM. xxx. 20. (Here the subjunctive δύνηται is properly used after a past tense (318), but the optative shows that the leading verb is secondary.) See ἵνα γίγνοιντο, after an imperfect with ἄν, PLAT. Men. 89B.

Χρῆν ἐπείρεσθαι κότερα τὴν ἑωυτοῦ τὴν Κύρου λέγοι ἀρχήν, “he ought to have asked whether the oracle meant his own or Cyrus's empire.” HDT. i. 91.

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