previous next

195. The present and perfect indicative are never used with ἄν.

This seems to occur chiefly when Plato and Aristotle use κἂν εἰ (= καὶ ἂν, εἰ) like καὶ εἰ, without regard to the mood of the verb which is to follow, to which κἄν really belongs. See PLAT. Men. 72 C,κἂν εἰ πολλαί εἰσιν, ἕν γέ τι εἶδος ταὐτὸν πᾶσαι ἔχουσι” , i.e. even if they are many, still (it would seem to follow that) they all have one and the same form. So PLAT. Rep. 579 D, Soph. 247E. So ARISTOT. Pol. iii. 6, 1,κἂν εἰ πλείους” , with σκεπτέον ἐστίν.

Examples of a different class (without κἂν εἰ) are obviously corrupt, and have now almost disappeared from our texts. One of the last relics, Leg. 712E,ἐγὼ δὲ οὕτω νῦν ἐξαίφνης ἂν ἐρωτηθεὶς ὄντως ὅπερ εἶπον, οὐκ ἔχω εἰπεῖν” , is now simply emended by reading ἀνερωτηθείς.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: