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237. The potential optative in the second person may have the force of a mild command or exhortation. E.g.

So probably Il. ii. 250: τῷ οὐκ ἂν βασιλῆας ἀνὰ στόμ᾽ ἔχων ἀγορεύοις, therefore you must not take kings upon your tongue and talk (or do not take, etc.)

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