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352. None of the object clauses with ὅπως or ὡς in Homer (341) are negative, except that Od. vii. 192 combines ὥς κε ἵκηται with μηδέ τι πάθῃσιν. Negative object clauses are expressed in Homer, like most negative final clauses (315), by the simple μή with the subjunctive or optative, as in Il. v. 411,φραζ́εσθω μή τίς οἱ ἀμείνων σεῖο μάχηται” , and Il. xv. 164, Il. xxii. 358, Od. xvii. 595, all with φράζομαι μή and the subjunctive. So μέμβλετο τεῖχος μὴ Δαναοὶ πέρσειαν, Il. xxi. 517. These examples show a common origin with clauses after verbs of fearing, but the optative in the last example indicates that the original parataxis is no longer felt.

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