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381. The adverb ἄν (epic κέ or κέν, Doric κά) is regularly joined with εἰ in the protasis when the verb is in the subjunctive, εἰ with ἄν (α^) forming the compound ἐάν, ἤν, or ἄν (α_). (See 200.) The simple εἰ is used in the protasis with the indicative and the optative.

The same adverb ἄν is regularly used in the apodosis with the optative, and also with the past tenses of the indicative when non-fulfilment of the condition is implied.

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