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454. 1. This Homeric use of the simple εἰ with the subjunctive in future conditions was allowed by poetic license in a few passages of the Attic drama, chiefly in tragedy, even in the dialogue. E.g. “Εἰ γὰρ θάνῃς καὶ τελευτήσας ἀφῇς.SOPH. Aj. 496.Δυστάλαινα τἄρ᾽ ἐγὼ εἴ σου στερηθῶ.Id. O.C. 1443. So Ant. 887.Εἰ μή σ᾽ ἐκφάγω ἐκ τῆσδε τῆς γῆς, οὐδέποτε βιώσομαι.AR. Eq. 698. So AESCH. Pers. 791; EUR. Or. 1534, I. A. 1240,εἰ πεισθῇς” (MSS.); all in dialogue. In Sappho 118. 1A, we have αἴ τις ἔρηται.

2. In Attic prose, this construction is extremely rare and always doubtful. The MSS., however, have it in a few passages, as THUC. vi. 21: Οὐ ναυτικῆς στρατιᾶς μόνον δεῖ, ἀλλὰ καὶ πεζὸν πολὺν ζυμπλεῖν, ἄλλως τε καὶ εἰ ξυστῶσιν αἱ πόλεις φοβηθεῖσαι. (Here a few inferior MSS. read ἤν.)

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