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5. Out of the form of unreal supposition (4) were developed after Homer the use of the past tenses of the indicative with εἴθε or εἰ γάρ in wishes (732); and also the Attic construction of the past tenses of the indicative to express an unaccomplished purpose (333), where there is an assimilation of the final clause to a preceding indicative. E.g. Εἰ γὰρ τοῦτο ἐποίησα, O if I had only done this! Εἴθε τοῦτο εἶχες, O if you only had this!

Εἴθε τότ᾽ ἀπέθανον, ἵνα μὴ τοῦτο ἔπαθον, would that I had then perished, that I might not have suffered this.

For the indicative with ἄν or κέ, the potential indicative, see 243.

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