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[*] 512. The apodosis is sometimes introduced by δέ, ἀλλά, or αὐτάρ, but, as if the apodosis were co-ordinate with the protasis, and were not the leading sentence. This occurs when the apodosis is to be emphatically opposed to the protasis. It is especially common in Homer and Herodotus. E.g. Εἰ δέ κε μὴ δώωσιν, ἐγὼ δέ κεν αὐτὸς ἕλωμαι, but if they do not give it to me, (then） I will take one myself. Il. i. 137. Εἴ περ γάρ τ᾽ ἄλλοι γε περικτεινώμεθα πάντες νηυσὶν ἐπ᾽ Ἀργείων, σοὶ δ᾽ οὐ δέος ἔστ᾽ ἀπολέσθαι. Il. xii. 245. Εἴ περ . . . καταπέψῃ, ἀλλά τε καὶ μετόπισθεν ἔχει κότον. Il. i. 81. Εἰ δὲ θανόντων περ καταλήθοντ᾽ εἰν Ἀίδαο, αὐτὰρ ἐγὼ καὶ κεῖθι φίλου μεμνήσομ᾽ ἑταίρου. Il. xxii. 389. Εἰ ὑμῖν ἐστι τοῦτο μὴ δυνατὸν ποιῆσαι, ὑμεῖς δὲ ἔτι καὶ νῦν ἐκ τοῦ μέσου ἡμῖν ἕζεσθε. HDT. viii. 22. Ἀλλ᾽ εἰ μηδὲ τοῦτο βούλει ἀποκρίνασθαι, σὺ δὲ τοὐντεῦθεν λέγε. XEN. Cyr. v. 5, 21.
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