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559. When a conditional relative clause depends on a past tense of the indicative implying the non-fulfilment of a condition, it regularly takes a past tense of the indicative by assimilation. The leading verb may be in a protasis or apodosis, in another conditional relative clause, in an expression of a wish, or in a final clause. E.g. Εἴ τινες οἳ ἐδύναντο τοῦτο ἔπραξαν, καλῶς ἂν ἔσχεν, if any who had been able had done this, it would have been well. Εἴθε πάντες οἳ ἐδύναντο τοῦτο ἔπραξαν, O that all who had been able had done this. So in Latin: Nam si solos eos diceres miseros quibus moriendum esset, neminem tu quidem eorum qui viverent exciperes.

For examples see 528.

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