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568.Subjunctive and Optative in Homer.) In Homer these final relative clauses have the subjunctive (generally with κέ) after primary tenses, and the present or aorist optative (without κέ) after secondary tenses. E.g. Καὶ ἅμ᾽ ἡγεμόν᾽ ἐσθλὸν ὄπασσον, ὅς κέ με κεῖσ᾽ ἀγάγῃ, and also send a good guide, who shall lead me thither (to lead me thither). Od. xv. 310. Αὐτὸς νῦν ὄνομ᾽ εὕρεο, τι κε θῆαι παιδὸς παιδὶ φίλῳ, “find a name to give the child.” Od. xix. 403. Τεὸν οὔνομα εἰπὲ, ἵνα τοι δῶ ξείνιον, κε σὺ χαίρῃς. Od. ix. 355. Αὐτίκα μάντις ἐλεύσεται, ὅς κέν τοι εἴπῃσιν ὁδόν. Od. x. 538. Ἕλκος δ᾽ ἰητὴρ ἐπιμάσσεται, ἠδ᾽ ἐπιθήσει φάρμαχ̓, κεν παύσῃσι μελαινάων ὀδυνάων. Il. iv. 191. Ἀλλ᾽ ἄγετε, κλητοὺς ὀτρύνομεν, οἵ κε τάχιστα ἔλθωσ᾽ ἐς κλισίην Πηληιάδεω Ἀχιλῆος. Il. ix. 165. Ἔκδοτε, καὶ τιμὴν ἀποτινέμεν ἥν τιν᾽ ἔοικεν, τε καὶ ἐσσομένοισι μετ᾽ ἀνθρώποισι πέληται. Il. iii. 459.The last verse (found also iii. 287) and Od. xviii. 336 are the only cases in Homer of the subjunctive without κέ in these sentences.

Ἄγγελον ἧκαν, ὃς ἀγγείλειε γυναικί, “they sent a messenger to tell the woman.” Od. xv. 458. Πάπτηνεν δ᾽ ἀνὰ πύργον Ἀχαιῶν, εἴ τιν᾽ ἴδοιτο ἡγεμόνων, ὅς τίς οἱ ἀρὴν ἑτάροισιν ἀμύναι. Il. xii. 333.This optative is rare.

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