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First Exercise (Livy 1.34.7)

[Tanaquil has been urging upon Lucumo, who lives in Tarquinii, that he would have better hopes of rising in some new city, and points out that Rome has special advantages.]

FacileMay be either of what possible parts of speech; and where made? Adj. in nom. or acc. neut. sing.; or adverb. persuadetIn what way will the person who is persuaded, if there is one, be expressed? By the dative. In what way will that to which the person is persuaded be expressed, if it proves to be (a) a pronoun? (b) a verbal idea? (a) By the accusative. (b) By the infinitive, if it is a statement of belief, etc.; by a substantive purpose clause, if it be an act desired to be brought about. utThe suspense about facile is now probably how resolved? The writer meant it as adverb, modifying persuadet. What constructions will probably follow ut, if it is meant (a) as conjunction? (b) as adverb? (a) A substantive purpose clause. (b) A noun (appositive), adjective, or adjectival phrase, belonging to the personal subject or object of persuadet, and so nom. or dat. cupidoMay be either of what possible parts of speech, and, in either case, in what construction? Noun, nom., subject of substantive final clause introduced by the conjunction ut; or, adjective, dat., agreeing with personal object of persuadet and introduced by the adverb ut. Does it call for anything to complete its meaning, and, if so, what? An objective genitive. honorum etWhat three uses has the word et? (1) Connecting two words, = and; (2) as the first of two ets = both ... and; or (3) as bearing upon a single word, = also, even. What uses may et have, in each case, in the present passage? It may connect cupido, or honorum, to something yet to come; or it may be the first of two balanced ets; or it may emphasize a word or phrase to follow. cuiWhat is now the probable meaning of et, what its office, and what light does it throw upon cupido? Mark the quantity of the i in the last. And; connecting the cui-sentence to cupîdo, which is an adjective. If this surmise is right, then what part of speech will the cui-sentence be equivalent to, and by what mode will this meaning be expressed? An adjective; expressed by the characterizing mode, the subjunctive. TarquiniiIs name of town in nom. pl.? What three possibilities of construction? Subject, predicate, or in apposition with the one or the other. maternaPart of speech and possible cases? Adjective, nom. sing. fem., abl. sing. fem., nom. or acc. neut. pl. Meaning of its position before its noun? That it is emphatic. tantumPossible parts of speech, and corresponding meanings? Adjective, meaning so great, or adverb, meaning to such a degree, or to such a degree and no further, i.e. only. In the last sense, what are its synonyms? Solum and modo. patriaWhat part of speech was tantum, and what did it modify? Adverb, modifying materna. Probably construction of patria and of Tarquinii? Tarquinii is probably subject of the cui-verb, and patria is its predicate. --- Write the verb. Esset. sublatisWhere made? Participle, dat. or abl. pl. itaque rebusPossible cases? Dat. or abl. Probable construction? Ablative absolute with sublatis. commigrant --- The place they go to is Rome. Complete the sentence in two ways, using urbs in one, and Roma in the other. Ad urbem; Romam. Translate the passage. ” .

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 34.7
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