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Redundancy of expression, so marked a feature of Plautus' style, may be classed with these colloquialisms, for undoubtedly it reflects every-day speech. Like the repetition of the Antecedent is e.g. Pleonasms like occur on every page. (On nemo homo, see IV. 21 on the double Negative, VIII. 8 on magis with Comparative, III. 2 for statistics of Terence's use of Pleonasm, E. Johnston: de sermone Terentiano quaestiones duae. Königsberg, 1905). They evidently come direct from every-day talk, in which emphasis is sought by repetition and laboured statement, e.g. Two different forms of expression are jumbled together in lines like Rud. 587praeter animi quam lubuit sententiam”, Epid. 625e tuis verbis meum futurum corium pulcrum praedicas.

We have a two-sided remark apparently in Pseud. 1044Quid tu intus, quaeso, desedisti quam diu?”, like the exclamation in Ter. Heaut. 363persuadere illi, quae solet quos spernere!” A few may possibly be put down to the non astrictus soccus of Plautus, e.g. the recurrence of ut (in different senses) in Mil. 70 sqq. or of arbitror in Stich. 82 sq.quom nil quam ob rem id faciam meruisse arbitror. minime, nolo turbas; sed hoc mihi optumum factu esse arbitror”, or even of aio in

although this last does indeed seem to echo every-day talk (like our ‘says he, . . says he’). (For other examples of repetition, e.g. ut . . ut Capt. 248, mihi . . mihi Aul. 551, me . . me Curc. 577, Most. 202, see Rauterberg, Quaestiones Plautinae. Wilhelmshaven (progr.), 1883). The heaping up of Assonances like Capt. 358,quod bonis bene fit beneficium”, is a deliberate rhetorical ornament which all the early Dramatists, except Terence, assume, and even Terence in his Prologues (see Leo: Analecta Plautina II. Göttingen, 1898).

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