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Another type of change from Plural to Singular is seen in lines like Ter. Heaut. 483 sqq., Eun. 225 sqq., Phorm. 241 sqq. Lastly we may mention under this heading the colloquial use of the Plural of Abstract Nouns, e.g. Merc. 794at te, vicine, di deaeque perduint. cum tua amica cumque amationibus”. (For more examples see Lange Beiträge, pp. 103 sqq.) The colloquial use, so frequent in Plautus, of gaudia Plural for gaudium Singular produced in Late Latin the First Declension form gaudia, whence Ital. gioja, French joie, etc.

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