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Accusative

(Biese de objecto interno apud Plaut. et Ter.’ Kiel, 1878).

This Case plays so many parts in Plautus and so often usurps the function of other Cases that we are occasionally reminded of the Late Latin Declension (reflected in the Romance languages), in which all the Oblique Cases are merged in the Accusative.

The Cognate Accusative is much in evidence. Early Latin did not recognize the restriction that the Accusative should always contain some additional notion besides that contained in the Verb; for the early legal phrase, ‘to be a slave,’ was servitutem servire (cf. Quintilian 7, 3, 26), a phrase of frequent occurrence in the Comedies and also used by the historian Livy. Other Plautine examples are:

The Accusative Neuter of a Pronoun is used with all kinds of Verbs, e.g. It gives occasion to a pun in Cas. 460illuc est, illuc quod (that is why) hic hunc fecit vilicum; et ĭdem me pridem . . . facere atriensem voluerat sub ianua.

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