(On Ablative of Place and Motion see J. Heckmann
in Indogermanische Forschungen, 18, pp. 296 sqq.; on Ablative of
Time, Kane: Case forms . . to express Time. Baltimore, 1895.)
The Latin Ablative combines in itself the Indo-European (1) Ablative,
(2) Instrumental, a Case denoting instrument, accompaniment,
description, etc. There is a play on these two senses of instrument
and description in Amph. 368
“A. immo equidem tunicis consutis
huc advenio, non dolis. B. at mentiris etiam: certo pedibus, non
” In Plautine Latin we find the Ablative with all the functions
which it has in classical literature, viz Motion from, Instrument,
Description, Cause, Time, Place, Price, Ablative Absolute, etc.
A few of the more notable examples under each head will suffice.