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Ablative.

(On Ablative of Place and Motion see J. Heckmann in Indogermanische Forschungen, 18, pp. 296 sqq.; on Ablative of Time, Kane: Case forms . . to express Time. Baltimore, 1895.)

The Latin Ablative combines in itself the Indo-European (1) Ablative, (2) Instrumental, a Case denoting instrument, accompaniment, description, etc. There is a play on these two senses of instrument and description in Amph. 368A. immo equidem tunicis consutis huc advenio, non dolis. B. at mentiris etiam: certo pedibus, non tunicis venis.” In Plautine Latin we find the Ablative with all the functions which it has in classical literature, viz Motion from, Instrument, Description, Cause, Time, Place, Price, Ablative Absolute, etc. A few of the more notable examples under each head will suffice.

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