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The Ablative of Description, often the equivalent of an Adjective, competes with the Genitive (see above, 9), e.g. Mil. 1369 “dicant te mendacem nec verum esse, fide nulla esse te”, Pseud. 1218 “rufus quidam, ventriosus, crassis suris.” The Ablative seems to predominate in Plautus, the Genitive in the Silver Age. (For details, see Edwards and Woelfflin in Archiv lat. Lexikographie 11, pp. 197 sqq., 469 sqq.) Cum is used in sentences like Aul. 554 “quingentos coquos cum sēnis manibus”, just as it is an alternative expression of other functions of the Ablative (see VII. 2), e.g. Merc. 811 “rediit … cum quidem salute familiai maxuma” (contrast Men. 134 “avorti praedam ab hostibus nostrum salute sociûm”).
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