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The Ablative of Description, often the equivalent of an Adjective, competes with the Genitive (see above, 9), e.g. Mil. 1369dicant te mendacem nec verum esse, fide nulla esse te”, Pseud. 1218rufus quidam, ventriosus, crassis suris.” The Ablative seems to predominate in Plautus, the Genitive in the Silver Age. (For details, see Edwards and Woelfflin in Archiv lat. Lexikographie 11, pp. 197 sqq., 469 sqq.) Cum is used in sentences like Aul. 554quingentos coquos cum sēnis manibus”, just as it is an alternative expression of other functions of the Ablative (see VII. 2), e.g. Merc. 811rediitcum quidem salute familiai maxuma” (contrast Men. 134avorti praedam ab hostibus nostrum salute sociûm”).

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