previous next

In regard to the Comparison of the Adjective (see W. Fraesdorff: de Comparativi Gradus usu Plautino. Halle, 1881), two Plautine peculiarities call for notice, the pleonastic use of magis with a Comparative (see Seyffert in Bursian's Jahresbericht, 1895, p. 296), e.g. Capt. 644quin nihil, inquam, invenies magis hoc certo certius” (cf. Trin. 1029), and the association of aeque (adaeque) with the same Degree, e.g. Merc. 335homo me miserior nullust aeque, opinor.

The genesis of the phrase, common both in Plautine and classical Latin, certiorem facere ‘to inform,’ may be seen in lines like these:

Similarly we find potior fieri, Cas. 112hercle me suspendio, quam tu eius potior fias, satiust mortuum.” On the Positive use of the Comparative ocius, see VI. 4

Some Participles receive Comparison like Adjectives, often with comical intention, e.g.

Other examples of comic Comparison are Poen. 991nullus me est hodie Poenus Poenior”, and the often quoted ipsissumus (cf. αὐτότατος), Trin. 989A. is ipsusne es? B. aio. A. ipsus es? B. ipsus, inquam, Charmides sum. A. ergo ipsusne es? B. ipsissumus.” Notice that the construction verior quam gratior, etc., is unknown to Plautus and Terence. There is an example in a speech of Cato (10, 2) “quantoque suam vitam superiorem atque ampliorem atque antiquiorem animum inducent esse quam innoxiorem.” On quam and atque after Comparatives, see VIII. 2

The Predicative use of the Adjective may be illustrated by these lines:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: