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Personal.

(W. Kaempf: de pronominum personalium usu et collocatione apud poetas scaenicos Romanorum. Berlin, 1886.)

The pleonastic strengthening of Pronouns (see below, 3) is a feature of language, especially of colloquial language, as in English ‘this here man’ ‘my very own self.’ We see it in the emphatic forms of the Pers. Pronoun egomet, tute, where -mĕt and - are mere repetitions of the 1 Pronoun stem and the 2 Pronoun stem, e.g. Most. 369A. tutin vidisti? B. egomet, inquam”. These forms are especially used in the phrases egomet mihi (or me) and tute tibi (or te), for which we find also ego mihi and tu tibi. The reduplicated sese is the emphatic form of the Reflexive se. In the normal ipsus (not -se) sibi (or se) we have a parallel to egomet mihi, tute tibi, e.g.

On the colloquial use of hic (homo, etc.) for ego, see below, 13 and on the occasional careless use of is for the Reflexive (and vice versa), 15. Vos seems (but, I think, only seems) to be used for tu in

In his note on Ter. Adelph. 774in peccato maxumo quod vix sedatum satis est potastis, scelus”, Donatus remarks: “oratoriepotastisdicit, cum unum ebrium cernat.” (Cf. Truc. 401, 953, Ter. Hec. 263; in Stich. 255, Truc. 358, Poen. 1372, Pseud. 1217, etc., the two families of MSS. offer 2 Singular and 2 Plural respectively.)

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