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Future Perfect.

(Sjögren: Gebrauch des Futurums im Altlateinischen. Upsala, 1906.) The Future Perfect has the appearance of a Subjunctive, the Perfect Subjunctive of an Optative, so that fuero and fuerim may be said to differ as edam and edim (see 24). However that may be, it is certain that the two Tenses are often hardly distinguishable, e.g. fuerint is 3 Plural of both. (On the close relation of Future and Present Subjunctive see 15, 26). Why Plautine (and Terentian) Latin should use only the Future, never the Future Perfect, of oportet, possum, volo, is not clear. As regards other Verbs, the Tense sometimes has its true function, e.g. Bacch. 708hoc ubi egero, tum istuc agam”, but often has practically the same function as the Future. It is normal after si in threats, e.g. si attigeris, vapulabis, where an Aoristic sense is perhaps conveyed; while after nisi the Present is normal, e.g. nisi abis, vapulabis. Cicero's use of videro, in postponing the consideration of a difficulty, is clearly seen in Terence, e.g. Hec. 701, Adelph. 538; not so clearly in Plautus (Merc. 448, 450).

The Future Perfect Deponent and Passive can take as Auxiliary fuero in the sense of ero, e.g. Men. 471non hercle <ego> is sum qui sum, ni hanc iniuriam meque ultus pulchre fuero.

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