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The lines of distinction between Active, Passive, and Deponent are not so strictly marked in Plautine as in Classical Latin. Thus Plautus uses Active opino, but also opinor, with Perfect opinatus sum; ludifico (sometimes -or), -atus sum; vago and vagor; mereo and mereor; apiscor is Passive in Trin. 367, etc. (For other examples see Langen: Beiträge zur Kritik und Erklärung des Plautus. Leipzig, 1880, pp. 59 sqq.; cf. Naev. com. 67 “populus patitur, tun (v.l. tu non) patias?”). How far this Variation is connected, on the one hand, with the use of the Verbal Adjective in -tus along with the Subst. Verb as a Perfect Tense Passive (see 45) and, on the other, with the old Intransitive or Subjective use of the Deponent (or Middle, e.g. Greek ἀκούσομαι, ὄψομαι, etc.), has not yet been investigated. Certainly a type of Conjugation like soleo (Active), solitus sum (Dep.) was widely extended in Early Latin (cf. Turpilius 33 “A. iurasti? B. non sum iurata”).

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