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Imperative.

(Loch: zum Gebrauch des Imperativus bei Plautus. Memel (Schulprogr.), 1871.) The competition of the Subjunctive with the Imperative has already been mentioned. That there is a different signification in Imperatives like vale and Subjunctives like valeas (e.g. Truc. 433A. valeas. B. vale”) is hard to prove. Similarly in Prohibitions, e.g. Asin. 826ne mone”, Mil. 1378ne me moneatis” (see below, VIII. 9).

The Future Imperative is usually reserved for its proper sense, the expression of commands relating to future time, e.g. Pseud. 859-864quoquo hic spectabit, eo tu spectato simul; sigradieturprogredimino”, etc.; Rud. 813si appellabit quempiam, vos respondetote”; and a command in Present Imperative is often followed by a further command in Future Imperative, e.g. Asin. 740Leonida, curre, obsecro, patrem huc orato ut veniat”. But bene ambulato is used beside bene ambula, salveto beside salve (cf. Havet in Archiv lat. Lexikographie, 9, 287), etc. And the Present Imperative is occasionally found where the Future Imperative would be normal, e.g. Ter. Andr. 848ubi voles, accerse.

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