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Of the three Periphrastic formations of the Future mentioned above (15), (1) >-urus sum, (2) volo with Infinitive, (3) eo with 1 Supine, the first was utilized for the Future Infinitive Active,1 the third, e.g. Bacch. 1171ut istuc delictum desistas tantopere ire oppugnatum”, for the Future Infinitive Passive (On fore ut, see below.)

Mil. 1186 sq. may serve as example of the first: “arcessito, ut, si itura sit Athenas, eat tecumNisi eat, te soluturum esse navim.” The Infinitive of the Substantive Verb (cf. above 8) is often omitted with the Future Participle Active as it is with the Perfect Participle Passive or with the Gerundive, e.g. Pseud. 566neque sim facturus quod facturum dixeram.

But the earliest form of the Future Infinitive Active, which still survives in some lines of Plautus and has probably been removed by scribes from more, shows merely -urum (indeclinable) without esse, e.g. Cas. 693altero te occisurum ait” ‘Casina says she will kill you with one of the two swords.’ This points to an Impersonal Future Infinitive Active, just as we have an Impersonal Future Infinitive Passive, and just as the Gerund (e.g. agitandum est vigilias) was superseded by the Gerundive (e.g. agitandae sunt vigiliae).

1 Only sum has a real Future Infinitive Active, viz. fore, e.g. Cas. 772quasi nil sciant fore huius quod futurumst.

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