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The genesis of Prepositions from Adverbs may be illustrated from lines like Cas. 763omnes festinant intus totis aedibus”, Most. 596an metuis ne quo abeat foras urbe exsulatum?”, where the meaning, already expressed by the Case-forms aedibus ‘in the house,’ urbe ‘from the city,’ is made definite by the addition of the Adverbs intus and foras. These Adverbs at a much later time came to be used as Prepositions.

The independent existence of Prepositions in Compound Verbs, e.g. supplico, which is seen in Old Latin Tmesis1, e.g. sub vos placo for supplico vos (cf. Trin. 833distraxissent disque tulissent”), leaves a trace of itself in Plautus in the retention of the bare Ablative (or Accusative) without a Preposition after Compound Verbs like abeo (or accedo) (see II. 1).

It is seen, too, in the collocation of the words in lines like

and in lines like Possibly also in, e.g. amicum erga (Trin. 1126, 1128, etc.), me advorsum (Poen. 400, etc.). But the Postpositon of Prepositions is a feature of all the Italic languages, and must date from a very early time. In classical Latin it survives in quocum, mecum, quamobrem, etc. In Plautus postposition with the Interrog. Pronoun is normal, with the Relative very frequent, e.g. We find also, e.g. In Stich. 71gratiam per (a patre P si petimus”, the reading is not quite certain; more so in Amph. 238sed fugam in se tamen nemo convortitur” ‘but however no one turns himself to flight.’

(For fuller details see Studemund in Verhandlungen der philolog. Versammlung in Karlsruhe. Leipzig, 1883, pp. 49, 57, 58; Degering: Beiträge zu hist. Syntax. Erlangen, 1893.)

1 Tmesis appears with other word-groups too, e.g. with sis or si vis ‘please,’ Asin. 354si erum vis Demaenetum, quem ego novi, adduce”. On at-qui, postquam, etc., see the next chapter.

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