(Zimmermann: Gebrauch der Conjunctionen
quod und quia im älteren Latein.
properly Temporal (see 10
), has sometimes in Plautus
and always in Terence (except perhaps Adelph. 206
) a Causal sense
A fuller list of examples is given by Scherer (see p. 106, above.)
was apparently an I-stem Neuter Pl, as quod
Neuter Singular of the Pronoun. The two Conjunctions thus differ as
and mirum (est)
In Plautus quia
more frequent than quod
(whereas in classical Latin quod
supremacy), and is always selected for answering such questions as
begin with an Interrogative, e.g.
Examples of the equivalence of quod
is often strengthened by the Particle enim
(see above, 2
s.v.), e.g. Capt. 884
“A. quid tu per barbaricas urbes iuras? B. quia enim … asperae sunt.
as has been already mentioned, is the equivalent of quod
in sentences like quom tu es liber gaudeo.
We cannot assign a
definite Mood to Old Latin quom,
as we can assign the Subjunctive to Causal
in classical Latin. It follows the variable course of the Relative
which is found now with Indicative, e.g. Bacch. 464
“stultus es, qui
illi male aegre patere dici
”, now with Subjunctive, e.g. Mil. 370
“ego stulta et mora multum, quae cum hoc insano fabuler
to the nuance of the sentence in which it stands. (On the nuance
of Subjunctive and Indicative see V, 24-31
But since it is generally an actual fact which is assigned as cause,
the Indicative is greatly predominant with Causal quom.
On quippe qui,
see above, s.v. The line between the Temporal
and the Causal use of a Conjunction is not always distinct. See
above (s.v.) on postquam
with a half Causal sense, e.g. Ter. Adelph.
“postquam poeta sensit scripturam suam ab iniquis observari,
. . indicio de se ipse erit, vos eritis iudices
) is never (or hardly ever) Temporal after Plautus (see below
), and in many of his lines it stands on the border-line between the two senses, e.g.